Penjelasan, Jenis, dan Contoh Kalimat Auxiliary Verb dalam Bahasa Inggris

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Penjelasan, Jenis, dan Contoh Kalimat Auxiliary Verb dalam Bahasa Inggris Auxiliary verb atau Helping Verb mungkin istilah yang sering sahabat BDBI dengar ketika belajar bahasa Inggris disekolah/kampus.

Tapi, apakah sahabat sudah benar-benar mengetahui dan memahaminya? 😀 Mungkin sahabat yang sedang membaca artikel ini, mencari informasi mengenai Auxiliary verb untuk semakin memahaminya, bukan?

Tidak perlu berlama-lama lagi, yuk langsung saja kita simak bersama-sama penjelasan lengkapnya di bawah ini. Let’s check it out!

Penjelasan, Jenis, dan Contoh Kalimat Auxiliary Verb dalam Bahasa Inggris

Penjelasan, Jenis, dan Contoh Kalimat Auxiliary Verb dalam Bahasa Inggris Cover


Pengertian Auxiliary Verbs


Dikutip dari ego4u.com, Auxiliary Verbs are the verbs be, do, have, will when they are followed by another verb (the full verb) in order to form a question, a negative sentence, a compound tense or the passive.

Maksudnya, Auxiliary Verbs adalah kata kerja dalam bahasa Inggris yang terdiri dari Primary Auxiliary Verbs dan Modal Auxiliary Verbs, yang mana kata kerja ini biasanya akan diikuti oleh kata kerja selanjutnya (full verb) untuk membentuk kalimat, compound tense, atau kalimat pasif dalam bahasa Inggris.


Jenis Auxiliary Verbs


Dalam bahasa Inggris kita akan menemukan total 24 Auxiliary Verbs. Apakah sahabat BDBI sudah mengetahuinya? Belum? Atau lupa? Tenang…. Kita bahas satu-satu yukk…. 😀

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Jenis Auxiliary Verbs

Primary Auxiliary Verbs

  • Do yang terdiri dari: do, does, did
  • Have yang terdiri dari: have, has, had
  • Be yang terdiri dari: am, is, are, was, were

Modal Auxiliary Verbs

  • Can
  • Could
  • May
  • Might
  • Shall
  • Should
  • Will
  • Would
  • Ought to
  • Must
  • Need
  • Dare
  • Used to

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Apabila sahabat BDBI ingin menyimpannya dengan lebih mudah, sahabat langsung saja save gambar dibawah ini:

Penjelasan, Jenis, dan Contoh Kalimat Auxiliary Verb dalam Bahasa Inggris


Contoh Kalimat 24 Auxiliary Verbs Dalam Bahasa Inggris


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1. Siska Yulianita is cleaning her kitchen set. [is adalah auxiliary verb; Present Continuous Positif]

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2. Siska Yulianita is not cleaning her kitchen set. [is adalah auxiliary verb; Present Continuous Negatif]

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3. Is Siska Yulianita cleaning her kitchen set? [is adalah auxiliary verb; Present Continuous Question]

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4. Siska Yulianita is fifty-five years old. [is disini BUKAN auxiliary verb; melaikan sebagai FULL VERB]

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5. I am reading a comic of Conan now. [am adalah auxiliary verb; Present Continuous Positif]

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6. We are talking about Persib vs PBFC’s match last night. [are adalah auxiliary verb; Present Continuous Positif]

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7. I was reading a comic of Conan. [was adalah auxiliary verb; Past Continuous Positif]

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8. Persib were beaten by PBFC in the semi final of President Cup. [were adalah auxiliary verb; Passive]

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9. Do you want a cup of coffee? [do adalah auxiliary verb; Present Question]

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10. I don’t like vegetables. [don’t adalah auxiliary verb; Present Negatif]

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11. Anita doesn’t like Budi’s style. [doesn’t adalah auxiliary verb; Present Negatif]

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12. Are you sure? Ronaldowati didn’t know how to play football? [didn’t adalah auxiliary verb; Past Negatif]

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13. Didn’t Messi know how to head the ball? [didn’t adalah auxiliary verb; Past Question Negatif]

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14. I have got a bike. [have adalah auxiliary verb; Present perfect]

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15. I have a bike. [have adalah BUKAN auxiliary verb; Present]

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16. I don’t have a bike. [have adalah BUKAN auxiliary verb; melainkan sebagai FULL VERB]

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17. Do I have a bike? [have adalah BUKAN auxiliary verb; melainkan sebagai FULL VERB]

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18. I have not got a bike. [have adalah auxiliary verb; Present perfect negatif]

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19. Have I got a bike? [have adalah auxiliary verb; Present perfect question]

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20. Anita has moved to Bandung. [has adalah auxiliary verb; Present perfect positif]

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21. The house had been destroyed. [had adalah auxiliary verb; Passive]

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22. We can buy anything with money. [can adalah Modal Auxiliary; Ability/kemampuan]

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23. We can’t buy love with money. [can’t adalah Modal Auxiliary; Ability; Negatif Sentence]

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24. Can I call you this night, Sis? [can adalah Modal Auxiliary; Permission/izin]

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25. Roberto Carlos could run faster than Marcelo 5 years ago. [could adalah Modal Auxiliary; Ability/kemampuan in the past/masa lalu]

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26. Could I borrow your Nokia 3310 to send a message? [could adalah Modal Auxiliary; Permission/izin dengan lebih sopan in future/past]

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27. Andre, may I go home now? [may adalah Modal Auxiliary; Permission/izin lebih formal dari CAN]

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28. Barcelona may forget her last final match. [may adalah Modal Auxiliary; Possibility/Kemungkinan]

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29. If I have cleaned my room, might I go to market with my friend, mom? [could adalah Modal Auxiliary; Permission/izin lebih formal dari COULD]

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30. Will you marry me, dear? [will adalah Modal Auxiliary; Willingness/Kemauan]

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31. Would you like to see my first invention, Prof.? [would adalah Modal Auxiliary; Willingness/Kemauan yang LEBIH SOPAN]

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32. The headmaster shall report the teachers’ performance. [shall adalah Modal Auxiliary; Obligation/kewajiban dalam situasi yang formal]

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33. You should see dr. Boyke soon. [should adalah Modal Auxiliary; sugesstion/saran atau  advice/nasehat]

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34. All Madrid’s players mustn’t give up. [mustn’t Modal Auxiliary; prohibition/larangan]

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35. Ronaldo ought to wear high quality sport shoes from Nike. [ought to adalah Modal Auxiliary; Menyatakan apa yang benar/tepat]

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36. My mother used to make fried rice every morning. [used to adalah Modal Auxiliary; habitual past action.]


Gabungan Auxiliary Verb


Oh ya sahabat BDBI semua, terkadang, dalam membuat kalimat bahasa Inggris kita juga dapat menggabungkan beberapa Auxiliary Verb lho. 😀 Bahkan bisa sampai 2 atau 3 Auxiliary Verb. Gak percaya? Langsung aja kita lihat contohnya berikut ini:

  • The children should have [modal: should, primary: have; Present Perfect Tense]
  • The president has been [primary: has, been; Passive-Present Perfect Tense]
  • I have been riding for 3 hour. [primary: have, been; Present Perfect Continuous Tense]
  • I will have been [modal: will, primary: have, been; Future Perfect Continuous Tense]

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Demikianlah penjelasan, jenis, dan contoh kalimat auxiliary verb dalam bahasa inggris yang dapat kami hadirkan untuk sahabat BDBI tercinta. Semoga penjelasan singkat diatas dapat menambah pengetahuan kita bersama. Keep learning and thank you! 😀

Image source: image.google.co.id

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References:

  • Auxiliary Verb. https://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/auxiliary-verbs. Accessed on March 6th, 2017.
  • Auxiliary Verbs. https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/grammar/auxiliary-verbs. Accessed on March 6th, 2017.
  • Auxiliary Verbs. http://www.chompchomp.com/terms/auxiliaryverb.htm. Accessed on March 6th, 2017.

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